Hail in horticultural crops is one of the most destructive weather phenomena that can affect crops, especially vegetables. This is because many vegetables have a short maturity and a much more delicate development than other types of crops. Therefore, when hail falls, small ices destroy the plant and even the surrounding soil. This leads to major agricultural problems.
One of the main problems generated by hail in horticultural crops is the decrease in crop production and quality. Depending on the size and temperature of the hail, it can have serious effects on crops, breaking stalks, opening cracks in fruits and cutting leaves. This will cause yields to be lower and product quality to decline. This will have a direct impact on farmers, as they will receive less money for their produce.
Another major problem caused by hail in horticultural crops is soil weathering and erosion. Stones can damage soil structure and water quality. This can have an entrenched effect on agricultural production, as the soil will not provide the right amount of nutrients for proper crop production. This also results in farmers being forced to purchase fertilizers and other chemicals to improve soil quality.
Hail has also generate a large number of economic problems for farmers
This is because agricultural insurance is often not sufficiently prepare to cover the cost of rebuilding crops. Farmers have to bear the cost of rebuilding their land, buying replacement seeds or plants, getting more fertilizer, and bringing in agricultural experts to assess the situation. This leads to many farmers going bankrupt because of the huge bills.
The problems generated by hail in horticultural crops are many. Decreased production and product quality, soil wear and erosion, direct economic damage to farmers and impact on the national economy are some of the most common examples. It is important that farmers and authorities work together to reduce the effects of this destructive weather phenomenon. Investigate and participate in agricultural insurance programs for adequate protection to minimize the effects of hail in horticultural crops.
What means are needed to avoid the damage of the hail in horticultural crops?
Extensive horticultural greenhouses are a very useful tool to protect crops from hail damage. When a hail storm occurs in a locality, hail can damage crops by direct and indirect damage. Every year, horticultural producers are face with unnecessary expense due to hail damage to crops. This is because hail falls unexpectedly and, in many cases, growers do not realize it until after a major contingency has occurred.
A good way to avoid hail damage to extensive horticultural crops is to use a variety of means of protection. Greenhouses are one of the most widely used means of protection for crop protection and should be aided by other means such as umbrellas, rollers, etc. The use of these means helps to achieve an optimum level of protection for crops and can positively affect horticultural production.
One of the most effective means of protection against hail damage is the use of organdy nets. These nets are made of strong materials that can withstand falling hail grains at high speed. These nets can be place over greenhouses to provide additional protection. However, it should be note that the nets should be check and replace periodically to ensure their effectiveness.
It is also necessary to use trellising to lessen the impact of hail grains on crops
Trellising can also help provide additional protection for greenhouses. These trellises have the ability to deform to absorb the kinetic energy of hail. This helps keep greenhouses intact by protecting them from hail impact.
Another option to decrease hail damage is the formation of irrigation distribution partners. This technique is especially useful for greenhouses that are located in areas prone to hail damage. In this way, growers can distribute irrigation evenly throughout the affected areas. This not only protects crops from hail damage, but also allows them to get the right amount of water for healthy growth.
In addition, the use of automatic irrigation systems can also be beneficial for hail protection. These systems allow for fast, uniform and easily programmable real-time irrigation. This means that farmers do not have to keep an eye on processes, but instead have time to heal damage after a major contingency.
Because hail grains fall with great force, it is important to make extreme use of the right means to provide adequate protection. This means that growers should install high quality, heavy-duty protection systems, such as umbrella systems, rollers, etc. These systems should be equipped with glazed windows, robust doors and ventilation systems. These elements will provide better protection against hail damage.
Growers who rely on extensive horticulture should be aware that there are several means of protection available to prevent hail damage. These include the use of greenhouses with robust protection systems, organdy netting to protect crops, trellises to reduce the impact of hail grains, irrigation distribution partners to keep the soil moist during hail storms, and automatic irrigation systems for quick and uniform supply. By properly adopting this collection of measures, farmers can significantly reduce hail damage to their crops.
Why is it essential to prevent the damage of the hail in horticultural crops?
Hail is one of the main causes of damage to horticultural crops. Nature occasionally uses it as a way to redistribute pressure and restore balance to a declining system. Although it is rare for hail to fall overnight, when it does occur, the impact on crops is not something all growers can afford. This means that farmers must do everything possible to prevent and avoid hail damage.
One of the best methods to prevent hail damage to horticultural crops is early preparation. Growers should always be alert to signs of a possible hail invasion. To do this, growers can use weather equipment to monitor the weather and monitor any changes the hail storm may be bringing. This advance preparation will allow them to determine the best way to react when the hail storm arrives.
Farmers can also take preventative measures to reduce the risk of crop damage from hail. These measures include installing netting over horticultural crops, using sprinklers, and storing crops in appropriate containers. These preventive measures can help minimize hail damage.
The best advice a grower can have for protecting horticultural crops against hail is to be constantly prepared
This means following weather forecasts closely, taking proper precautions and having the necessary equipment to be able to reactivate the crop once the hail has passed. Growers can also consult hail damage prevention experts for advice and proper training on how to detect, avoid and repair hail damage.
Unfortunately, there is no way to completely stop hail. However, growers can prevent damage quickly by acting early and taking action to limit crop exposure to hail. This advance preparation is the key to protecting horticultural crops from hail damage. By taking this step, growers can increase the productivity of their crops and ensure that growers maximize their profits.